What’s Salt?

Salt is really a compound of sodium and chloride. Both of them are electrolytes that regulate the level of extracellular fluid and play essential roles in muscle and nerve function. However, it’s sodium that’s fascinating and questionable nutritionally. But prior to getting in to the benefits and drawbacks of nutritional sodium, let’s just discuss salt.

Salt is obtained from seas, salty ponds, oceans, and dry deposits (some which are ancient) found above and underground. Therefore, all salt comes from water as “sea salt.” If it is acquired from the dry deposit, it is called “rock salt.”


Ocean salt is really a general term for salt that’s made via solar evaporation (the evaporation of seawater). It is almost always unrefined but you need to look into the package label to understand without a doubt. Ocean salt is available in fine and coarse varieties.

What’s Refined Salt?

Additionally to sodium and chloride, natural ocean salt contains minerals known as “impurities” that lend it color and possibly taste. The refining process removes the impurities departing salt having a vibrant white-colored color and neutral flavor. It’s usually rock salt, not ocean salt, that’s refined and the most typical varieties are table salt and kosher salt.

Refined salt is almost 100% sodium chloride and try to includes 40% sodium and 60% chloride. The quantity of sodium inside a serving can differ because that will depend on how big the salt grain. Bigger grains equal less sodium per serving. For instance, a teaspoon of finely ground table salt contains 2325 mg of sodium over a teaspoon of huge grain Morton’s Coarse Kosher salt, which contains 1,720 mg of sodium.

Table salt, once we know, is processed to get rid of all minerals except sodium and chloride. Put into table salt are ingredients for example calcium silicate to avoid sticking and clumping and iodine to avoid goiters that derive from iodine-deficiency, which just before salt supplementation was common in a few regions of the U. S. States. Together with iodine, stabilizers are put into prevent its degradation which include those who are, sodium thiosulfate, or dextrose (that is a corn product). Table salt is affordable and is supposed to be utilized for an exciting purpose salt during cooking and afterward, like a finisher.


Kosher salt, like table salt, is refined nevertheless its distinction is based on its bigger, coarser grain cheap anti-caking agents and iodine are often not added. Bigger grains are appropriate for koshering meat, or absorbing the entire bloodstream after a pet is correctly slaughtered based on Jewish tradition. Coarser salt grains give a desirable flavor burst when eaten and chefs have a tendency to favor kosher salt over table salt, possibly because of this. Kosher salt is purpose and used during cooking so that as a finisher.

What’s Unrefined Salt?

Unrefined salt maintains its elemental integrity. It’s lower sodium and chloride concentrations than refined salt since it maintains all original minerals. Based on Marine Science, all salt deposits retain the same combination of elements and therefore are 85.62% sodium chloride and 14.38% other minerals, which are present in seawater: sulphate, magnesium, calcium, potassium, bicarbonate, bromide, borate, strontium, and fluoride.

However, distinctive colors and flavors of unrefined salts reflect variations in algae and mineral concentrations within the silt and clay that’s, or was previously, close to the origin from the salt. And often ocean salt is combined with natural additives that add color and interest. Regrettably, traces of pollutants may also finish in your salt, when the water and land in which the salt is acquired is contaminated.


That which you won’t get in unrefined ocean salt are anti-caking agents or added iodine. Actually, should you not eat iodized salt, you’ll wish to make certain you’re including whole-foods in what you eat that naturally contain a lot of iodine for example ocean vegetables (algae), cranberries, taters, fish (particularly cod), sea food, and eggs.

Gray Ocean Salt

Also referred to as Sel Gris or Celtic Salt, gray ocean salt will get its gray color and slightly bitter taste from minerals within the clay lining seaside salt ponds in France. The salt is hands raked from all of these ponds and maintains a moistness a characteristic that distinguishes it from other kinds of ocean salt. Gray ocean salt is commonly more costly than other unrefined salts because of the labor intensive process involved with procuring it.

Fleur de sel

Also referred to as “flower of salt,” fleur de sel is hands-harvested across the French shoreline within the same ponds as gray ocean salt, nevertheless it includes crystals that collect on the top of water (gray ocean salt includes urates that sink towards the bottom). These surface crystals make up the shapes of flowers, or snowflakes and a few claim they’ve the faint scent of violets. Fleur de sel crystals are collected by skimming the water’s surface and just 1-3 pounds is ever created for each 80 pounds of sel gris. Fleur de sel is extremely costly and utilized as a “gourmet” finishing salt.


Hawaiian Alaea Salt

This sort of salt is ocean salt mixed along with some local red volcanic Alaea clay. This clay will get its red colorization from naturally sourced iron oxide

Black Lava Salt

This sort of salt is exotic and from Hawaii, therefore it appears completely plausible that could naturally be black-I am talking about, Hawaii has black sand beaches right?-but it’s not. Black lava salt is ocean salt combined with activated charcoal.

Himalayan Pink Salt

Possibly typically the most popular salt within the Paleo world, Himalayan pink salt is harvested in the Khewra Salt Mine in Pakistan. This salt mine is the second biggest on the planet and a part of an enormous salt range that’s the remains of the ancient evaporated ocean. The salt will get its pink color from the existence of iron oxide but apparently contains a lot more elements than that. Per spectral analysis conducted through the Field, Himalayan pink salt contains 84 minerals, electrolytes, and elements. The perception, therefore, is this fact salt is extremely healthy since it provides a lot of trace nutrients.


Salt is important to human health. It adds flavor and interest to food and evidence shows that keeping sodium intake inside a moderate range can lead to better health than you’d have having a really low or high sodium intake. When it’s free from refinement, salt is Paleo included in an entire foods diet.

Categories: Paleo Tips